Documentation

Code Standards

Opening PRs

Some PRs do not require a CI build. Those will be changes to documentation, to the website, and any other change that doesn’t involve code, such as releases, typo fixes.

To bypass the CI build, use anyone of these labels (any one of them will do the job):

  • Design: any design document
  • Website: any change to the website that is not documentation
  • Documentation: documentation for releases or any markdown file in the repo
  • changelog-not-required: use only when the PR is not addressing any of the above cases. This is for changes in the code that is not introducing any change in behavior for the software.

There is no need to use more than one label.

Please add the label BEFORE creating the PR/draft. This will make the CI check pass. If you forget, it’s ok: adding it after will make the CI fail, but it will still let us merge. The only minor downside is that it will have a red checkmark for failure.

Adding a changelog

Authors are expected to include a changelog file with their pull requests. The changelog file should be a new file created in the changelogs/unreleased folder. The file should follow the naming convention of pr-username and the contents of the file should be your text for the changelog.

velero/changelogs/unreleased   <- folder
    000-username            <- file

Add that to the PR.

If a PR does not warrant a changelog, the CI check for a changelog can be skipped by applying a changelog-not-required label on the PR.

Whenever a source code file is being modified, the copyright notice should be updated to our standard copyright notice. That is, it should read “Copyright [insert current year] the Velero contributors.”

For new files, the entire copyright and license header must be added.

Please note that doc files do not need a copyright header.

Code

  • Log messages are capitalized.

  • Error messages are kept lower-cased.

  • Wrap/add a stack only to errors that are being directly returned from non-velero code, such as an API call to the Kubernetes server.

    errors.WithStack(err)
    
  • Prefer to use the utilities in the Kubernetes package sets.

    k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/util/sets
    

Imports

For imports, we use the following convention:

<group><version><api | client | informer | ...>

Example:

import (
    corev1api "k8s.io/api/core/v1"
    metav1 "k8s.io/apimachinery/pkg/apis/meta/v1"
    corev1client "k8s.io/client-go/kubernetes/typed/core/v1"
    corev1listers "k8s.io/client-go/listers/core/v1"
   
    velerov1api "github.com/vmware-tanzu/velero/pkg/apis/velero/v1"
    velerov1client "github.com/vmware-tanzu/velero/pkg/generated/clientset/versioned/typed/velero/v1"
)

Mocks

We use a package to generate mocks for our interfaces.

Example: if you want to change this mock: https://github.com/vmware-tanzu/velero/blob/v1.5.1/pkg/restic/mocks/restorer.go

Run:

go get github.com/vektra/mockery/.../
cd pkg/restic
mockery -name=Restorer

Might need to run make update to update the imports.

Kubernetes Labels

When generating label values, be sure to pass them through the label.GetValidName() helper function.

This will help ensure that the values are the proper length and format to be stored and queried.

In general, UIDs are safe to persist as label values.

This function is not relevant to annotation values, which do not have restrictions.

DCO Sign off

All authors to the project retain copyright to their work. However, to ensure that they are only submitting work that they have rights to, we are requiring everyone to acknowledge this by signing their work.

Any copyright notices in this repo should specify the authors as “the Velero contributors”.

To sign your work, just add a line like this at the end of your commit message:

Signed-off-by: Joe Beda <joe@heptio.com>

This can easily be done with the --signoff option to git commit.

By doing this you state that you can certify the following (from https://developercertificate.org/):

Developer Certificate of Origin
Version 1.1

Copyright (C) 2004, 2006 The Linux Foundation and its contributors.
1 Letterman Drive
Suite D4700
San Francisco, CA, 94129

Everyone is permitted to copy and distribute verbatim copies of this
license document, but changing it is not allowed.


Developer's Certificate of Origin 1.1

By making a contribution to this project, I certify that:

(a) The contribution was created in whole or in part by me and I
    have the right to submit it under the open source license
    indicated in the file; or

(b) The contribution is based upon previous work that, to the best
    of my knowledge, is covered under an appropriate open source
    license and I have the right under that license to submit that
    work with modifications, whether created in whole or in part
    by me, under the same open source license (unless I am
    permitted to submit under a different license), as indicated
    in the file; or

(c) The contribution was provided directly to me by some other
    person who certified (a), (b) or (c) and I have not modified
    it.

(d) I understand and agree that this project and the contribution
    are public and that a record of the contribution (including all
    personal information I submit with it, including my sign-off) is
    maintained indefinitely and may be redistributed consistent with
    this project or the open source license(s) involved.
Getting Started

To help you get started, see the documentation.