Documentation for version v1.2.0 is no longer actively maintained. The version you are currently viewing is a static snapshot. For up-to-date documentation, see the latest version.
latest release of Velero to your development environment. This includes the
velero CLI utility and example Kubernetes manifest files. For example:
We strongly recommend that you use an official release of Velero. The tarballs for each release contain the velero command-line client. The code in the main branch of the Velero repository is under active development and is not guaranteed to be stable!
Untar the release in your
tar -xzvf <RELEASE-TARBALL-NAME>.tar.gz
You may choose to rename the directory
velero for the sake of simplicity:
mv velero-v1.0.0-linux-amd64 velero
Add it to your PATH:
velero to confirm the CLI has been installed correctly. You should see an output like this:
Velero is a tool for managing disaster recovery, specifically for Kubernetes
cluster resources. It provides a simple, configurable, and operationally robust
way to back up your application state and associated data.
If you're familiar with kubectl, Velero supports a similar model, allowing you to
execute commands such as 'velero get backup' and 'velero create schedule'. The same
operations can also be performed as 'velero backup get' and 'velero schedule create'.
Oracle Object Storage provides an API to enable interoperability with Amazon S3. To use this Amazon S3 Compatibility API, you need to generate the signing key required to authenticate with Amazon S3. This special signing key is an Access Key/Secret Key pair. Follow these steps to create a Customer Secret Key. Refer to this link for more information about Working with Customer Secret Keys.
Create a Velero credentials file with your Customer Secret Key:
$ vi credentials-velero
Create an Oracle Cloud Object Storage bucket called
velero in the root compartment of your Oracle Cloud tenancy. Refer to this page for
more information about creating a bucket with Object Storage.
You will need the following information to install Velero into your Kubernetes cluster with Oracle Object Storage as the Backup Storage provider:
velero install \
--provider [provider name] \
--bucket [bucket name] \
--prefix [tenancy name] \
--secret-file [secret file location] \
--backup-location-config region=[region],s3ForcePathStyle="true",s3Url=[storage API endpoint]
--provider Because we are using the S3-compatible API, we will use
aws as our provider.
--bucket The name of the bucket created in Oracle Object Storage - in our case this is named
--prefix The name of your Oracle Cloud tenancy - in our case this is named
--use-volume-snapshots=false Velero does not currently have a volume snapshot plugin for Oracle Cloud creating volume snapshots is disabled.
--secret-file The path to your
--backup-location-config The path to your Oracle Object Storage bucket. This consists of your
region which corresponds to your Oracle Cloud region name (
List of Oracle Cloud Regions) and the
s3Url, the S3-compatible API endpoint for Oracle Object Storage based on your region:
velero install \
--provider aws \
--bucket velero \
--prefix oracle-cloudnative \
--secret-file /Users/mboxell/bin/velero/credentials-velero \
This will create a
velero namespace in your cluster along with a number of CRDs, a ClusterRoleBinding, ServiceAccount, Secret, and Deployment for Velero. If your pod fails to successfully provision, you can troubleshoot your installation by running:
kubectl logs [velero pod name].
To remove Velero from your environment, delete the namespace, ClusterRoleBinding, ServiceAccount, Secret, and Deployment and delete the CRDs, run:
kubectl delete namespace/velero clusterrolebinding/velero
kubectl delete crds -l component=velero
This will remove all resources created by
After creating the Velero server in your cluster, try this example:
Start the sample nginx app:
kubectl apply -f examples/nginx-app/base.yaml
This will create an
nginx-example namespace with a
nginx-deployment deployment, and
$ kubectl apply -f examples/nginx-app/base.yaml
You can see the created resources by running
kubectl get all
$ kubectl get all
NAME READY STATUS RESTARTS AGE
pod/nginx-deployment-67594d6bf6-4296p 1/1 Running 0 20s
pod/nginx-deployment-67594d6bf6-f9r5s 1/1 Running 0 20s
NAME TYPE CLUSTER-IP EXTERNAL-IP PORT(S) AGE
service/my-nginx LoadBalancer 10.96.69.166 <pending> 80:31859/TCP 21s
NAME DESIRED CURRENT UP-TO-DATE AVAILABLE AGE
deployment.apps/nginx-deployment 2 2 2 2 21s
NAME DESIRED CURRENT READY AGE
replicaset.apps/nginx-deployment-67594d6bf6 2 2 2 21s
Create a backup:
velero backup create nginx-backup --include-namespaces nginx-example
$ velero backup create nginx-backup --include-namespaces nginx-example
Backup request "nginx-backup" submitted successfully.
Run `velero backup describe nginx-backup` or `velero backup logs nginx-backup` for more details.
At this point you can navigate to appropriate bucket, which we called
velero, in the Oracle Cloud Object Storage console to see the resources backed up using Velero.
Simulate a disaster by deleting the
kubectl delete namespaces nginx-example
$ kubectl delete namespaces nginx-example
namespace "nginx-example" deleted
Wait for the namespace to be deleted. To check that the nginx deployment, service, and namespace are gone, run:
kubectl get deployments --namespace=nginx-example
kubectl get services --namespace=nginx-example
kubectl get namespace/nginx-example
This should return:
No resources found.
Restore your lost resources:
velero restore create --from-backup nginx-backup
$ velero restore create --from-backup nginx-backup
Restore request "nginx-backup-20190604102710" submitted successfully.
Run `velero restore describe nginx-backup-20190604102710` or `velero restore logs nginx-backup-20190604102710` for more details.
kubectl get namespaces will show that the
nginx-example namespace has been restored along with its contents.
velero restore get to view the list of restored resources. After the restore finishes, the output looks like the following:
$ velero restore get
NAME BACKUP STATUS WARNINGS ERRORS CREATED SELECTOR
nginx-backup-20190604104249 nginx-backup Completed 0 0 2019-06-04 10:42:39 -0700 PDT <none>
NOTE: The restore can take a few moments to finish. During this time, the
STATUS column reads
After a successful restore, the
STATUS column shows
ERRORS will show
0. All objects in the
nginx-example namespace should be just as they were before you deleted them.
If there are errors or warnings, for instance if the
STATUS column displays
FAILED instead of
InProgress, you can look at them in detail with
velero restore describe <RESTORE_NAME>
Clean up the environment with
kubectl delete -f examples/nginx-app/base.yaml
$ kubectl delete -f examples/nginx-app/base.yaml
namespace "nginx-example" deleted
deployment.apps "nginx-deployment" deleted
service "my-nginx" deleted
If you want to delete any backups you created, including data in object storage, you can run:
velero backup delete BACKUP_NAME
$ velero backup delete nginx-backup
Are you sure you want to continue (Y/N)? Y
Request to delete backup "nginx-backup" submitted successfully.
The backup will be fully deleted after all associated data (disk snapshots, backup files, restores) are removed.
This asks the Velero server to delete all backup data associated with
BACKUP_NAME. You need to do this for each backup you want to permanently delete. A future version of Velero will allow you to delete multiple backups by name or label selector.
Once fully removed, the backup is no longer visible when you run:
velero backup get BACKUP_NAME or more generally
velero backup get:
$ velero backup get nginx-backup
An error occurred: backups.velero.io "nginx-backup" not found
$ velero backup get
NAME STATUS CREATED EXPIRES STORAGE LOCATION SELECTOR