Use Velero with a storage provider secured by a self-signed certificate

If you are using an S3-Compatible storage provider that is secured with a self-signed certificate, connections to the object store may fail with a certificate signed by unknown authority message. To proceed, provide a certificate bundle when adding the storage provider.

Trusting a self-signed certificate during installation

When using the velero install command, you can use the --cacert flag to provide a path to a PEM-encoded certificate bundle to trust.

velero install \
    --provider <YOUR_PROVIDER> \
    --bucket <YOUR_BUCKET> \
    --secret-file <PATH_TO_FILE> \
    --cacert <PATH_TO_CA_BUNDLE>

Velero will then automatically use the provided CA bundle to verify TLS connections to that storage provider when backing up and restoring.

Trusting a self-signed certificate with the Velero client

To use the describe, download, or logs commands to access a backup or restore contained in storage secured by a self-signed certificate as in the above example, you must use the --cacert flag to provide a path to the certificate to be trusted.

velero backup describe my-backup --cacert <PATH_TO_CA_BUNDLE>

Error with client certificate with custom S3 server

In case you are using a custom S3-compatible server, you may encounter that the backup fails with an error similar to one below.

rpc error: code = Unknown desc = RequestError: send request failed caused by:
Get remote error: tls: alert(116)

Error 116 represents certificate required as seen here in error codes. Velero as a client does not include its certificate while performing SSL handshake with the server. From TLS 1.3 spec, verifying client certificate is optional on the server. You will need to change this setting on the server to make it work.

Skipping TLS verification

Note: The --insecure-skip-tls-verify flag is insecure and susceptible to man-in-the-middle attacks and meant to help your testing and developing scenarios in an on-premises environment. Using this flag in production is not recommended.

Velero provides a way for you to skip TLS verification on the object store when using the AWS provider plugin or File System Backup by passing the --insecure-skip-tls-verify flag with the following Velero commands,

  • velero backup describe
  • velero backup download
  • velero backup logs
  • velero restore describe
  • velero restore log

If true, the object store’s TLS certificate will not be checked for validity before Velero or backup repository connects to the object storage. You can permanently skip TLS verification for an object store by setting Spec.Config.InsecureSkipTLSVerify to true in the BackupStorageLocation CRD.

Note that Velero’s File System Backup uses Restic or Kopia to do data transfer between object store and Kubernetes cluster disks. This means that when you specify --insecure-skip-tls-verify in Velero operations that involve File System Backup, Velero will convey this information to Restic or Kopia. For example, for Restic, Velero will add the Restic global command parameter --insecure-tls to Restic commands.

Getting Started

To help you get started, see the documentation.