Build From Scratch

While the README pulls from the Heptio image registry, you can also build your own Heptio Ark container with the following steps:

0. Prerequisites

In addition to the handling the prerequisites mentioned in the Quickstart, you should have Go installed (minimum version 1.8).

1. Download

Install with go:

go get

The files are installed in $GOPATH/src/

2. Build

You can build your Ark image locally on the machine where you run your cluster, or you can push it to a private registry. This section covers both workflows.

Set the $REGISTRY environment variable (used in the Makefile) if you want to push the Heptio Ark images to your own registry. This allows any node in your cluster to pull your locally built image.

$PROJECT and $VERSION environment variables are also specified in the Makefile, and can be similarly modified as desired.

Run the following in the Ark root directory to build your container with the tag $REGISTRY/$PROJECT:$VERSION:

make container

To push your image to a registry, use make push.

Updating generated files

There are several files that are automatically generated based on the source code in the repository. These include:

  • The clientset
  • Listers
  • Shared informers
  • Documentation
  • Protobuf/gRPC types

If you make any of the following changes, you will need to run make update to regenerate automatically generated files:

  • Add/edit/remove command line flags and/or their help text
  • Add/edit/remove commands or subcommands
  • Add new API types

If you make the following change, you will need to run to regenerate automatically generated files (note that this requires the proto compiler to be installed):

  • Add/edit/remove protobuf message or service definitions

Cross compiling

By default, make will build an ark binary that runs on your host operating system and architecture. If you want to build for another platform, you can do so with make build-<GOOS>-<GOARCH - for example, to build for the Mac, you would do make build-darwin-amd64. All binaries are placed in _output/bin/<GOOS>/<GOARCH>, e.g. _output/bin/darwin/amd64/ark.

Ark’s Makefile has a convenience target, all-build, that builds the following platforms:

  • linux-amd64
  • linux-arm
  • linux-arm64
  • darwin-amd64
  • windows-amd64

3. Test

To run unit tests, use make test. You can also run make verify to ensure that all generated files (clientset, listers, shared informers, docs) are up to date.

4. Run


When running Heptio Ark, you will need to account for the following (all of which are handled in the /examples manifests):

  • Appropriate RBAC permissions in the cluster
    • Read access for all data from the source cluster and namespaces
    • Write access to the target cluster and namespaces
  • Cloud provider credentials
    • Read/write access to volumes
    • Read/write access to object storage for backup data
  • A Config object definition for the Ark server

See Cloud Provider Specifics for a more detailed guide.

Specifying your image

Once your Ark deployment is up and running, you need to replace the Heptio-provided Ark image with the specific one that you built. You can do so with the following command:

kubectl set image deployment/ark ark=$REGISTRY/$PROJECT:$VERSION

where $REGISTRY, $PROJECT, and $VERSION match what you used in the build step.

5. Vendoring dependencies

If you need to add or update the vendored dependencies, please see Vendoring dependencies.

Getting Started

To help you get started, see the documentation.